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(born Jan. 21, 1338, Vincennes, Francedied Sept. 16, 1380, Nogent-sur-Marne) King of France (1364–80). He raised money to ransom his father, John II, from the English, under the terms of the Treaty of Brétigny. Crowned king on his father's death in 1364, Charles helped the country recover its losses in the first phase of the Hundred Years' War. When war with England broke out again (1369), he won a series of victories for the French that nullified the damaging treaties of 1360. The plots of his enemy Charles II (of Navarra) prompted him to seize most of the king's French lands. His support of Pope Clement VII helped cause the Western Schism.
Variants of CHARLES V
Charles V known as Charles the Wise
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Charles V, visit Britannica.com.