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Rail tunnel that runs beneath the English Channel between Folkestone, England, and Sangatte (near Calais), France. A rail tunnel was chosen over proposals for a very long suspension bridge, a bridge-and-tunnel link, and a combined rail-and-road link. The 31-mi (50-km) tunnel, which opened in 1994, consists of three separate tunnels, two for rail traffic and a central tunnel for services and security. Trains, which carry motor vehicles as well as passengers, can travel through the tunnel at speeds as high as 100 mph (160 kph).
Variants of CHANNEL TUNNEL
Channel Tunnel or Eurotunnel
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Channel Tunnel, visit Britannica.com.
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