Korean religion combining elements of Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, shamanism, and Roman Catholicism. Its basic principle that man and God are one is realized through faith in the unity of one's body and spirit and in the universality of God. Converts are instructed to meditate on God, pray upon leaving and entering home, dispel harmful thoughts, and worship God in church on Sundays. Ch'oe Che-u (1824–64) established the religion in 1860 after receiving inspiration from the Heavenly Emperor (Ch'ongju). His efforts at social change led to his execution. His successor, Ch'oe Si-hyong, was executed following the Tonghak Uprising. Today Ch'ondogyo has about three million adherents.
Variants of CH'ONDOGYO
Ch'ondogyo formerly Tonghak (Korean: Eastern Learning)
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