View your list of saved words. (You can log in using Facebook.)
Part of the brain that integrates sensory input from the inner ear and from proprioceptors (seeproprioception) in muscle with nerve impulses from the cerebrum (seecerebral cortex), coordinating muscle responses to maintain balance and produce smooth, coordinated movements. Located below the cerebral hemispheres and behind the upper medulla oblongata and pons, each of its two connected hemispheres has a core of white matter within a cortex of gray matter. Disorders usually produce neuromuscular disturbances, in particular ataxia.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on cerebellum, visit Britannica.com.