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(born April 24, 1743, Marnham, Nottinghamshire, Eng.died Oct. 30, 1823, Hastings, Sussex) British inventor. On visiting Richard Arkwright's cotton-spinning mills, he was inspired to construct a power-driven machine for weaving. He invented a power loom and set up a weaving and spinning factory in Yorkshire. In 1789 he patented a wool-combing machine. In 1809 the House of Commons voted to reward him for the benefits his loom had conferred on the nation. His other inventions included a cordelier (machine for making rope) and a steam engine that used alcohol instead of water.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Cartwright, Edmund, visit Britannica.com.
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