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(born April 20, 1839, Sigmaringen, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringendied Oct. 10 1914, Sinaia, Rom.) King of Romania (1881–1914). Originally a German prince, he became prince of Romania in 1866, and when Romania gained full independence from the Ottoman Empire he was crowned its first king. He brought notable military and economic development along Western lines, but his neglect of festering rural problems led to the bloody peasant rebellion of 1907.
Variants of CAROL I
Carol I orig. Karl Eitel Friedrich, prince von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Carol I, visit Britannica.com.
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