Cannae, Battle of
(216 BC) Major battle near the ancient village of Cannae, in Apulia, southeastern Italy, during the Second Punic War. The Romans, with 80,000 men, met the 50,000 Carthaginian and allied African, Gallic, and Spanish troops under Hannibal's command and were crushed by them. Hannibal's troops gradually surrounded their foes and annihilated them in a classic example of the double envelopment maneuver. Roman losses exceeded 65,000 men, while the Carthaginians lost only about 6,000.
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