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A statue by Henry Moore sits on the grounds of the National Library of Australia in Canberra.—Robin Smith Photography, New South Wales
City (pop., 2004 est.: metro. area, 377,074), capital of Australia. Located in the Australian Capital Territory, on the Molonglo River, it was chosen in 1909 as the site of the capital. An international competition held in 1911 chose the U.S. architect Walter Burley Griffin (b. 1876d. 1937) to design the city, and construction began in 1913. The transfer of Parliament from Melbourne took place in 1927. The city continues to expand, with residential development taking place in satellite towns. There is light industry and a growing tourist trade, though government functions dominate.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Canberra, visit Britannica.com.