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Broccoli (Brassica oleracea, variety italica).—G.R. Roberts
Plant (Brassica oleracea, variety italica), form of cabbage of the mustard family. A fast-growing, upright, branched, annual plant, it bears dense green clusters of edible flower buds. Native to the eastern Mediterranean and Asia Minor, it was introduced to the U.S. probably in colonial times. Broccoli thrives in moderate to cool climates. Its flavour resembles that of cabbage but is somewhat milder. It is one of the most broadly nutritious of all common vegetables.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on broccoli, visit Britannica.com.