Brant, Joseph


Brant, Joseph

biographical name

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Joseph Brant, portrait by Charles Willson Peale, 1797; in Independence National Historical Park, …—Courtesy of the Independence National Historical Park Collection, Philadelphia

(born 1742, banks of the Ohio River—died Nov. 24, 1807, near Brantford, Ont., Can.) Mohawk Indian chief and Christian missionary. Brant was converted to the Anglican church while attending a school for Indians in Connecticut. He fought for the British in the last French and Indian War (1754–63). He led four of the six Iroquois nations on the British side in the American Revolution, winning several notable battles. After the war Brant was granted land along the Grand River in Ontario, Can., where he ruled peacefully and continued his missionary work.

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