biographical name

(born 1740/41—died 1819, Amarapura, Myanmar) King of Myanmar (Burma) (r. 1782–1819). He was a son of Alaungpaya and the sixth monarch of the Alaungpaya dynasty. Bodawpaya deposed his grandnephew to become king. In 1784 he invaded the kingdom of Arakan and deported more than 20,000 of its people as slaves; in 1785 he attempted to conquer Siam. His oppressive rule in Arakan led to rebellion; his pursuit of rebel leaders across the border into British-controlled Bengal nearly brought him into open conflict with the British. His campaigns in Assam heightened tensions. A fervent Buddhist, he proclaimed himself Arimittya, the messianic Buddha destined to conquer the world.

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