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Sport of sliding down a winding ice-covered run on a large metal sled (bobsled). The sled is equipped with two pairs of runners, a long seat for two or more (usually four) people, a steering wheel or steering ropes, and a hand brake. Bobsledding originated in Switzerland in the 1890s and was included in the first Olympic Winter Games in 1924. Championship competitions are held each year. Bob runs are typically about 4,920 ft (1,500 m) long, with 15–20 banked turns. Four-person sleds attain speeds approaching 100 mph (160 kph).
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on bobsledding, visit Britannica.com.