geographical name

City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 647,302), capital of Orissa, eastern India. Its history from the 3rd century BC is represented in nearby archaeological remains. From the 5th to the 10th century AD it was the provincial capital of many Hindu dynasties. Its many temples, displaying every phase of Orissan architecture, were built from the 7th to the 16th century. It became the state capital in 1950.

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