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Any of a class of synthetic drugs used to treat a wide range of diseases and conditions of the sympathetic nervous system (seeautonomic nervous system). Stimulation by epinephrine of beta-adrenergic receptors, which are predominately found in the heart but are also present in vascular and other smooth muscle, results in excitation of the sympathetic nervous system. By preventing that excitation, beta-blockers are useful in controlling anxiety, hypertension, and a variety of heart conditions (seeheart disease). They reduce the risk of a second heart attack.
Variants of BETA -BLOCKER
beta -blocker in full beta-adrenergic blocking agent
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on beta -blocker, visit Britannica.com.
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