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Ancient district, eastern central Greece. It was bordered by the Aegean Sea on the south and east and included the island of Salamis; its chief cities were Athens, Piraeus, and Eleusis. Its coastal settlements were enriched by maritime trade. Originally inhabited by Pelasgians, it was a center of Mycenaean culture in the 2nd millennium BC; the Ionian Greeks invaded it c. 1300 BC. The territory was unified under Athens by 700 BC, traditionally through the efforts of King Theseus.
Variants of ATTICA
Attica Greek Attiki
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Attica, visit Britannica.com.