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City (pop., 2002 est.: 743,000), capital of Turkmenistan. It lies in an oasis at the northern foot of the Kopet-Dag Range near the Iranian border. Founded in 1881 as a Russian military fort, it was the capital of Turkmenistan S.S.R. (1924–90). A violent earthquake destroyed the city in 1948; it was rebuilt on the same plan. It is now an industrial, transportation, and cultural centre.
Variants of ASHGABAT
Ashgabat formerly Ashkhabad
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Ashgabat, visit Britannica.com.