In Greek legend, a band of 50 heroes who went with Jason in the ship Argo to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the grove of Ares at Colchis. They had many adventures before arriving at Colchis, from which they were eventually forced to flee, pursued by Medea's father, Aeëtes. The Argo eventually returned to Jason's home kingdom (Iolcos) and was placed in a grove sacred to Poseidon; Jason died when its prow toppled as he was resting in its shadow.
The Argonauts, detail of a painting by Lorenzo Costa in the Civic Museum, Padua, Italy—SCALA/Art Resource, New York
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