Antigonus II Gonatas

Antigonus II Gonatas

biographical name

(born c. 320—died 239 BC) King of Macedonia (276–239 BC). The son of Demetrius I Poliorcetes, he defeated the Gauls in Greece (279) and in Asia Minor (277), occupied key cities, and made alliances. He defeated Pyrrhus of Epirus in Greece (272) to solidify his control in Macedonia. In the Chremonidean War (267–261), he achieved lasting victory over Egypt, Sparta, and Athens. He allied with the Aetolian League and local tyrants to stave off incursions of the Achaean League. His defeat of the Egyptian fleet at Andros (244?) assured Macedonian hegemony in the Aegean.

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