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State (pop., 2008 est.: 82,180,000), southeastern India. Located on the Bay of Bengal, it is bordered by Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Orissa states. Covering 106,204 sq mi (275,068 sq km), it was created in 1953 and achieved its present-day form in 1956; its capital is Hyderabad. Its name derives from the Telugu-speaking Andhra people, who have long inhabited the area. Many dynasties have flourished there, dating roughly to the 4th century BCE. The area came under British influence in the 17th century; in the 19th century the Andhras played a decisive role in the rise of Indian nationalism. Although the state's economy is primarily agricultural, it also is one of the most industrialized in India.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Andhra Pradesh, visit Britannica.com.