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(born Dec. 23, 1777, St. Petersburg, Russiadied Dec. 1, 1825, Taganrog) Tsar of Russia (1801–25). He became tsar in 1801 after the assassination of his father, Paul I. He and his advisers corrected many of the injustices of the preceding reign but failed to carry out the abolition of serfdom. During the Napoleonic Wars he alternately fought and befriended Napoleon and helped form the coalition that finally defeated him. Alexander also participated in the Congress of Vienna (1814–15) and formed the Holy Alliance (1815). After his sudden death in 1825, a legend sprang up that he had simply departed to a Siberian retreat.
Variants of ALEXANDER I
Alexander I Russian Aleksandr Pavlovich
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Alexander I, visit Britannica.com.