Toledo alcazar, 14th century, renovated 16th century, severely damaged during the Spanish Civil War …—© Getty Images

Form of military architecture of medieval Spain, generally rectangular with defensible walls and massive corner towers. Inside was an open space (patio) surrounded by chapels, salons, hospitals, and sometimes gardens. The finest surviving example from the Moorish period is Sevilla's Alcázar Palace; begun in 1181 under the Almohads and continued by the Christians, it exhibits both Moorish and Gothic features, including a decagonal brick tower, the Torre del Oro.

Variants of ALCAZAR

alcazar Spanish alcázar

This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on alcazar, visit

Seen & Heard

What made you look up alcazar? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.