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Ancient kingdom, northern Ethiopia. At its apogee (3rd–6th century AD), Aksum merchants traded as far as Alexandria and beyond the Nile River. The modern town of Aksum, once the kingdom's capital, is a religious centre best known for its antiquities. It has long been regarded as a holy city for the Ethiopian Orthodox church; according to tradition, King Menilek I, son of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, brought the Ark of the Covenant there from Jerusalem. Aksum's antiquities have made it a tourist centre.
Variants of AKSUM
Aksum or Axum
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Aksum, visit Britannica.com.