Aix-en-Provence


Aix-en-Provence

geographical name

City (pop., 2006 est.: 142,534), southeastern France. Founded as a military colony by the Romans c. 123 BC, it was the scene of the defeat of the Teutons by Marius in 102 BC. Visigoths, Franks, Lombards, and finally Muslim invaders from Spain successively plundered the town. As the capital of Provence, it was a centre of culture during the Middle Ages; it became part of France in 1486. It is now a residential suburb of Marseille; its industries include tourism, food processing, and the manufacturing of electrical machinery.

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