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Written statement made voluntarily, confirmed by the oath or affirmation of the party making it, and signed before an officer empowered to administer such oaths. It usually names the place of execution and certifies that the person making it states certain facts and appeared before the officer on a certain date and subscribed and swore to the statement.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on affidavit, visit Britannica.com.