(Greek: city at the top) Central, defensively oriented district in ancient Greek cities, located on the highest ground and containing the chief municipal and religious buildings. The renowned Athens Acropolis (5th century BC), atop a craggy walled hill, is home to four main edificesthe Propylaea (see propylaeum), Parthenon, Erechtheum (Ionic temple noted for its caryatid porch), and Temple of Athena Nikeall built from white marble plentiful in the region.
The Acropolis, Athens.—© Neil SetchfieldLonely Planet Images/Getty Images
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on acropolis, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up acropolis? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.