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District, ancient Greece, bounded by the Ionian Sea, the Ambracian Gulf, and the Achelous River. First settled in the 7th–6th centuries BC, it developed into a federal state by the late 5th century BC; its capital was Stratus. It later came under Athenian, Theban, and Macedonian rule. Part of Acarnania recovered its independence in 231 BC and began an alliance with Philip V of Macedon. Rome overthrew the Macedonian dynasty in 167 BC, and Acarnania survived until Augustus incorporated many Acarnanians into his new city Nicopolis Actia.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise. For the full entry on Acarnania, visit Britannica.com.