'Umar ibn al-Khattab biographical name
(born c. AD 586, Mecca, Arabian Peninsuladied Nov. 3, 644, Medina) Second Muslim caliph (634–644). He initially opposed the Prophet Muhammad but became a Muslim c. 615. His daughter Hafsah married Muhammad in 625. He was nominated by Abu Bakr as his successor. As caliph he spread Islam to Egypt, Syria, and Persia. His innovations affected taxation, social welfare, and the empire's entire financial and administrative fabric, and he was noted for his justice, social ideals, and candour.
This entry comes from Encyclopædia Britannica Concise.
For the full entry on 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, visit Britannica.com.
Seen & Heard
What made you look up 'Umar ibn al-Khattab? Please tell us what you were reading, watching or discussing that led you here.