Official name: Commonwealth of Australia.
Form of government: federal parliamentary state (formally a constitutional monarchy) with two legislative houses (Senate ; House of Representatives ).
Chief of state: British Monarch represented by Governor-General.
Head of government: Prime Minister.
Population (1998): 18,725,000.
Population projection: (2000) 19,117,000; (2010) 21,018,000.
Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 7.2 (world avg. 15.7).
Gross national product (1996): U.S.$367,802,000,000 (U.S.$20,090 per capita).
Land use (1995): agricultural and under permanent cultivation 6.3%; other 93.7% (of which, meadows and pastures  54.2%).
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